409R-A - School Attendance Zones (School Facility Capacity and Pupil Teacher Ratios)

School facility capacity is a function of the number of classrooms multiplied by the number of students assigned to each class or classroom at any given point over the course of a school day. Certain classrooms may be designated as resource rooms for students assigned to teacher specialists or other professionals who provide services to children based on their unique educational needs. Resource classrooms may serve smaller numbers of students. 

Pupil-teacher ratios may not exceed those ratios established by the Virginia Board of Education or the Standards of Quality for Public Schools in Virginia. The Superintendent, in consultation with the school board, shall, from time to time, consider pupil-teacher ratios for grades K-3, 4-5, 6-8 and 9-12 and establish division-wide average ratios for classrooms. The Superintendent, in consultation with the school board, further reserves the right to adjust pupil-teacher ratios as necessary to meet instructional or budgetary needs, and as a result, school facility capacities may increase or decrease.   

The following are desired pupil-teacher ratios, based on a division-wide total of classrooms serving the grade range: 
  1. Grades K-3 – 18 pupils to 1 teacher

  2. Grades 4-5 – 22 pupils to 1 teacher

  3. Grades 6-12 – 24 pupils to 1 teacher

  4. Special Needs – Shall be determined using formulae promulgated by the Virginia Board of Education

  5. Career and Technical Education - Shall be determined based on the number of student work stations

  6. Resource or specialty classrooms – Shall be determined based on the designated purpose for the classroom

Legal Reference(s):       
Standards for Accrediting Public Schools in Virginia (8VAC 20-131 et seq.)

Virginia Standards of Quality, Section(s) 22.1-253.13:1 – 22.1-253.13:8


Adopted: January 8, 2010